|Title:||H2O2-Based Method for Rapid Detection of Transgene-Free Rice Plants from Segregating CRISPR/Cas9 Genome-Edited Progenies||Authors:||Wu, Tsung-Meng
|Keywords:||CRISPR; DAB (3,3′-diaminobenzidine); H2O2; hygromycin; hygromycin phosphotransferase; reactive oxygen species; rice||Issue Date:||9-Aug-2019||Publisher:||MDPI||Journal Volume:||20||Journal Issue:||16||Source:||International journal of molecular sciences||Abstract:||
Genome-editing techniques such as CRISPR/Cas9 have been widely used in crop functional genomics and improvement. To efficiently deliver the guide RNA and Cas9, most studies still rely on Agrobacterium-mediated transformation, which involves a selection marker gene. However, several limiting factors may impede the efficiency of screening transgene-free genome-edited plants, including the time needed to produce each life cycle, the response to selection reagents, and the labor costs of PCR-based genotyping. To overcome these disadvantages, we developed a simple and high-throughput method based on visual detection of antibiotics-derived H2O2 to verify transgene-free genome-edited plants. In transgenic rice containing hygromycin phosphotransferase (HPT), H2O2 content did not change in the presence of hygromycin B (HyB). In contrast, in transgenic-free rice plants with 10-h HyB treatment, levels of H2O2 and malondialdehyde, indicators of oxidative stress, were elevated. Detection of H2O2 by 3,3'-diaminobenzidine (DAB) staining suggested that H2O2 could be a marker to efficiently distinguish transgenic and non-transgenic plants. Analysis of 24 segregating progenies of an HPT-containing rice plant by RT-PCR and DAB staining verified that DAB staining is a feasible method for detecting transformants and non-transformants. Transgene-free genome-edited plants were faithfully validated by both PCR and the H2O2-based method. Moreover, HyB induced overproduction of H2O2 in leaves of Arabidopsis, maize, tobacco, and tomato, which suggests the potential application of the DAB method for detecting transgenic events containing HPT in a wide range of plant species. Thus, visual detection of DAB provides a simple, cheap, and reliable way to efficiently identify transgene-free genome-edited and HPT-containing transgenic rice.
|Appears in Collections:||農藝學系|
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