|Title:||Neural correlates of impaired self-regulation in male youths with autism spectrum disorder: A voxel-based morphometry study||Authors:||Ni, Hsing Chang
WEN-YIH ISAAC TSENG
Chiu, Yen Nan
Wu, Yu Yu
SUSAN SHUR-FEN GAU
|Keywords:||Autism spectrum disorder | Child behavior checklist | Dysregulation | Structural MRI | Voxel-based morphometry||Issue Date:||2-Mar-2018||Source:||Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry||Journal Volume:||82||Abstract:||
© 2017 The Authors Although recent studies revealed impaired self-regulation (dysregulation) in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), neural correlates of dysregulation and its impacts on autistic neuroanatomy remain unclear. Voxel-based morphometry was applied on structural MRI images in 81 ASD and 61 typically developing (TD) boys aged 7–17 years. Dysregulation was defined by the sum of T-scores of Attention, Aggression, and Anxiety/Depression subscales in the Child Behavior Checklist > 180. There were 53 and 28 boys in the ASD + Dysregulation and ASD-Dysregulation groups, respectively. First, we compared regional gray matter (GM) volume for ASD and TD. Second, we investigated regional GM volumetric differences among the ASD + Dysregulation, ASD-Dysregulation and TD groups. Lastly, shared and distinct neurostructural correlates of dysregulation were investigated in the ASD and TD groups. The ASD-TD difference on neuroanatomy no longer existed after controlling the dysregulation severity. ASD + Dysregulation had larger regional GM volumes in the right fusiform gyrus, and smaller GM volumes in the anterior prefrontal cortex than ASD-Dysregulation and TD, respectively. ASD + Dysregulation had smaller GM volumes in the left lateral occipital/superior parietal cortex than TD boys. No GM difference was identified between ASD-Dysregulation and TD. ASD and TD had a shared association between GM volumes in the orbitofrontal cortex and dysregulation levels. Our findings suggest that atypical neuroanatomy associated with ASD might partially reflect a disproportionate level of impaired self-regulation. Categorical and dimensional considerations of dysregulation should be implemented in future ASD studies.
|Appears in Collections:||醫療器材與醫學影像研究所|
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