|Title:||N-?-(l-Glutamyl)-l-Selenomethionine Inhibits Fat Storage via the Stearoyl-CoA Desaturases FAT-6 and FAT-7 and the Selenoprotein TRXR-1 in Caenorhabditis elegans||Authors:||Chang C.-H.
|Keywords:||Caenorhabditis elegans; fat storage; fatty acid desaturases; N-γ-(l-glutamyl)-l-selenomethionine; obesity; selenoprotein||Issue Date:||2019||Journal Volume:||63||Journal Issue:||4||Source:||Molecular Nutrition and Food Research||Abstract:||
Scope: Selenium is an important nutrient for human health. The influence of dietary selenium on lipid metabolism remains largely unknown. N-γ-(l-glutamyl)-l-selenomethionine (Glu-SeMet) on inhibition of fat accumulation and its underlying mechanisms in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans are investigated. Methods and results: Triacylglyceride quantification and post-fixed Nile red staining methods are conducted to evaluate fat accumulation in wild-type N2 worms in normal or high-glucose diet. Glu-SeMet (0.01??m) treatment effectively reduces fat storage in wild-type N2 C.?elegans in both a normal and high-glucose diet. Further evidence shows that Glu-SeMet (0.01??m) decreases the ratio of oleic acid/stearic acid (C18:1Δ9/C18:0) using gas chromatography–mass spectrometry analysis. The mRNA levels of fatty acid stearoyl-CoA desaturases, FAT-6 and FAT-7, and the mediator-15 (MDT-15) are downregulated while the wild-type N2 worms are co-treated with high glucose and Glu-SeMet (0.01??m). The effect of reduced fat accumulation is absent in fat-6, fat-7, and trxr-1 mutant worms under high glucose and Glu-SeMet (0.01??m) co-treatment. Conclusions: This study demonstrates that Glu-SeMet inhibiting fat accumulation may be associated with FAT-6 and FAT-7 and the selenoprotein TRXR-1 in C.?elegans. This study implies a potential for Glu-SeMet as a new treatment for obesity or its complications. ? 2018 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
|Appears in Collections:||生物環境系統工程學系|
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