|Title:||Comparison between in-hospital stroke and community-onset stroke treated with endovascular thrombectomy||Authors:||Lu M.-Y.
|Issue Date:||2019||Journal Volume:||14||Journal Issue:||4||Start page/Pages:||e0214883||Abstract:||
Objective In-hospital stroke (IHS) is an uncommon but serious medical emergency. Early recanalization through endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) may offer a vital therapeutic choice. This study compared the clinical features and outcomes between IHS and community-onset stroke (COS). Methods From a single-center registry of 2813 patients with ischemic stroke, those who had received EVT for acute ischemic stroke were included and classified into the IHS and COS groups based on their stroke onset scenario. We compared the outcomes including successful recanalization, symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage, functional independence (modified Rankin Scale score, 0–2) at 90 days, and mortality between the two groups. Results A total of 24 patients with IHS (mean age, 70 years; 54% men) and 105 patients with COS (mean age, 73 years; 47% men) were included. The most frequently reported reasons for admission in patients with IHS were cardiovascular and oncological diseases. The initial National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores and main occluded vessels were similar between the two groups. Patients with IHS received a higher number of active malignancy diagnoses, were more likely to withhold antithrombotic agents, and exhibited higher prestroke functional dependency. The median onset-to-puncture time was 192 min in IHS and 217 min in COS (P = 0.15). The percentages of successful recanalization (79% vs 71%), symptomatic hemorrhage (0% vs 9%), functional independence (42% vs 40%), and mortality (17% vs 12%) were comparable between the two groups. After adjustment for covariates, initial NIHSS scores and successful recanalization were the most important predictors for functional independence at 90 days. Conclusions Despite having disadvantages at baseline, patients with IHS could still benefit from timely EVT to achieve favorable outcomes. A well-designed acute stroke protocol tailored for IHS should be developed. ? 2019 Lu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
|URI:||https://scholars.lib.ntu.edu.tw/handle/123456789/467866||ISSN:||1932-6203||DOI:||10.1371/journal.pone.0214883||SDG/Keyword:||aged; anticoagulant therapy; Article; brain hemorrhage; brain ischemia; cardiovascular disease; cerebrovascular accident; clinical feature; community onset stroke; comparative study; controlled study; disease course; disease registry; female; hospital admission; hospital patient; human; in hospital stroke; major clinical study; male; malignant neoplasm; mortality; National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale; percutaneous thrombectomy; Rankin scale; recanalization; time to treatment; treatment outcome; cerebrovascular accident; endovascular surgery; epidemiology; hospital mortality; hospitalization; middle aged; pathophysiology; procedures; register; risk factor; Taiwan; thrombectomy; very elderly; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Endovascular Procedures; Female; Hospital Mortality; Hospitalization; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Registries; Risk Factors; Stroke; Taiwan; Thrombectomy; Time-to-Treatment; Treatment Outcome
|Appears in Collections:||醫學系|
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