|Title:||Anidulafungin as an alternative treatment for Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia in patients who cannot tolerate trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole||Authors:||Chen P.-Y.
|Issue Date:||2020||Journal Volume:||55||Journal Issue:||1||Start page/Pages:||105820||Source:||International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents||Abstract:||
Evidence supporting the use of an echinocandin alone as an alternative agent for the treatment of Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) is limited and controversial. This retrospective cohort study was conducted at National Taiwan University Hospital from 1 July 2015 to 31 December 2017. Using multivariable Cox regression analyses, the outcomes of patients receiving trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMZ) or anidulafungin single therapy as an alternative treatment for PCP were investigated. A total of 207 patients with PCP were screened and 170 patients were included in the final analysis, among whom 134 (78.8%) received TMP-SMZ and 36 (21.2%) received anidulafungin as alternative anti-PCP treatment. Overall 60-day mortality was 34.1% (58/170), and 60-day mortality did not differ significantly between the anidulafungin group (38.9%; 14/36) and the TMP-SMZ group (32.8%; 44/134) (P = 0.554). Age ?60 years [hazard ratio (HR) = 1.840, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.039–3.259; P = 0.036] and HIV infection (HR = 0.102, 95% CI 0.013–0.771; P = 0.027) independently predicted 60-day mortality. Patients with lower SpO2/FiO2 ratio (HR = 0.994, 95% CI 0.990–0.998; P = 0.005) showed a higher 60-day mortality. In the Kaplan–Meier survival analysis, anidulafungin as alternative anti-PCP treatment was not correlated with higher mortality (P = 0.605). Using TMP-SMZ or anidulafungin as alternative anti-PCP treatment had similar 60-day mortality. These findings suggest that anidulafungin therapy may be an effective and alternative treatment for PCP in patients who cannot tolerate TMP-SMZ. ? 2019
|URI:||https://scholars.lib.ntu.edu.tw/handle/123456789/479656||ISSN:||0924-8579||DOI:||10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2019.10.001||SDG/Keyword:||anidulafungin; cotrimoxazole; anidulafungin; antifungal agent; cotrimoxazole; echinocandin; acute kidney failure; adult; aged; aging; Article; bone marrow suppression; cohort analysis; delirium; drug fever; drug substitution; drug tolerability; drug withdrawal; female; fraction of oxygen in the inspired gas; gastrointestinal symptom; human; Human immunodeficiency virus infection; hyperkalemia; kidney tubule acidosis; liver dysfunction; major clinical study; male; mortality; oxygen saturation; Pneumocystis jiroveci; Pneumocystis pneumonia; polyuria; priority journal; respiratory tract parameters; retrospective study; risk factor; survival analysis; Taiwan; treatment outcome; very elderly; drug effect; microbiology; middle aged; Pneumocystis carinii; Pneumocystis pneumonia; young adult; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Anidulafungin; Antifungal Agents; Cohort Studies; Echinocandins; Female; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Pneumocystis carinii; Pneumonia, Pneumocystis; Retrospective Studies; Taiwan; Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole Drug Combination; Young Adult
|Appears in Collections:||醫學院附設醫院 (臺大醫院)|
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