|Title:||Association of intrinsic and extrinsic motivating factors with physician burnout and job satisfaction: A nationwide cross-sectional survey in Taiwan||Authors:||YU-CHI TUNG
|Issue Date:||2020||Publisher:||BMJ Publishing Group||Journal Volume:||10||Journal Issue:||3||Start page/Pages:||e035948||Source:||BMJ Open||Abstract:||
Objective The aim of this study was to systematically and simultaneously examine the association of intrinsic and extrinsic motivating factors with physician burnout and job dissatisfaction. Design A nationally representative survey was fielded from September to November 2017. Setting Hospitals and clinics throughout Taiwan. Participants A total of 6674 physicians. Main exposure measure The main exposure measures were intrinsic motivators (sense of calling, personally rewarding hours per day and meaningful, long-Term relationships with patients) and extrinsic motivators (income, work hours, autonomy, and pay-for-performance (P4P) and bundled payment initiatives). Main outcome measures The main outcome measures were physician burnout and job dissatisfaction. Results A total of 1152 physicians returned the surveys. More sense of calling and personally rewarding hours per day were associated with less physician burnout (OR 0.16, 95% CI 0.10 to 0.26 and OR 0.25, 95% CI 0.13 to 0.47, respectively) and job dissatisfaction (OR 0.35, 95% CI 0.21 to 0.57 and OR 0.46, 95% CI 0.26 to 0.83, respectively). Longer work hours were associated with more physician burnout (OR 2.67, 95% CI 1.54 to 4.63) and job dissatisfaction (OR 1.71, 95% CI 1.05 to 2.79). Not receiving P4P bonuses from their organisations was associated with more physician burnout (OR 1.56, 95% CI 1.02 to 2.38). Not sharing the losses from caring for patients included in the bundled payment system was associated with less physician burnout (OR 0.59, 95% CI 0.36 to 0.97). Conclusions Fostering a healthcare work environment that supports intrinsic motivation and improves work hours may reduce physician burnout and job dissatisfaction. Rewarding physicians fairly and equitably may prevent them from feeling burned out. Value-based care delivery and payment model innovations, such as bundled payments, may encourage healthcare professionals to coordinate care through the standardisation of care to decrease burnout. ? ? Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2020. Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.
|ISSN:||2044-6055||DOI:||10.1136/bmjopen-2019-035948||SDG/Keyword:||adult; article; burnout; care behavior; controlled study; female; health care policy; human; job satisfaction; major clinical study; male; motivation; multicenter study; outcome assessment; physician; standardization; Taiwan; work environment; burnout; cross-sectional study; epidemiology; middle aged; physician; physiology; psychology; questionnaire; risk factor; Taiwan; Adult; Burnout, Professional; Cross-Sectional Studies; Female; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Motivation; Physicians; Risk Factors; Surveys and Questionnaires; Taiwan
|Appears in Collections:||健康政策與管理研究所|
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