|Title:||Molecular epidemiology of HIV type 1 subtypes in Taiwan: Outbreak of HIV type 1 CRF07_BC infection in intravenous drug users||Authors:||SUI-YUAN CHANG
|Issue Date:||2006||Journal Volume:||22||Journal Issue:||11||Start page/Pages:||1055-1066||Source:||AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses||Abstract:||
In Taiwan, sexual transmission is responsible for most HIV-1 infections with two dominant subtypes, subtype B and CRF01_AE, distributing among homosexual and heterosexual groups, respectively. Recently, intravenous drug use has become an emerging route of HIV-1 transmission and contributed to a significant increase of HIV-1 infection. To characterize the HIV isolates responsible for the outbreak among intravenous drug users (IDUs), phylogenetic analysis was performed to analyze the protease/RT sequences amplified from HIV-1-infected IDUs at National Taiwan University Hospital and Taipei City STD Control Center. CRF07_BC, which is circulating in northern China, was demonstrated to account for the majority of HIV-1 infection in IDUs in the past 2 years. Although these Taiwanese CRF07_BC sequences shared the same breakpoint positions as those described in the CRF07_BC reference sequences, they formed a unique cluster in the phylogenetic tree, suggesting they originated from a founder virus. This finding was further supported by the relative low genetic diversity and unique sequence features. Our results demonstrated the emergence of CRF07_BC and its association with the HIV-1 outbreak among IDUs between 2004 and 2005 in Taiwan. This finding not only helps us to have a better understanding of the HIV evolution in Asia, but also has important implications for vaccine design in the future. ? Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
|URI:||https://scholars.lib.ntu.edu.tw/handle/123456789/503578||ISSN:||0889-2229||DOI:||10.1089/aid.2006.22.1055||SDG/Keyword:||adult; article; epidemic; female; founder effect; gene sequence; genetic variability; human; Human immunodeficiency virus 1; Human immunodeficiency virus infected patient; Human immunodeficiency virus infection; Human immunodeficiency virus prevalence; intravenous drug abuse; major clinical study; male; molecular epidemiology; nucleotide sequence; phylogenetic tree; phylogeny; polymerase chain reaction; priority journal; sequence analysis; Taiwan; unindexed sequence; virus isolation; virus transmission; Disease Outbreaks; Epidemiology, Molecular; HIV Infections; HIV-1; Humans; Molecular Sequence Data; Phylogeny; Substance Abuse, Intravenous; Taiwan; Time Factors
|Appears in Collections:||醫學檢驗暨生物技術學系|
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