|Title:||Effect of a cane on sit-to-stand transfer in subjects with hemiparesis||Authors:||Hu, P.-T.
|Issue Date:||2013||Journal Volume:||92||Journal Issue:||3||Start page/Pages:||191-202||Source:||American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation||Abstract:||
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of using a cane on movement time, joint moment, weight symmetry, and muscle activation patterns during sit-to-stand (STS) transfer in healthy subjects and subjects who have had a stroke. Design: Nine subjects with hemiparesis (mean [SD] age, 61.11 [12.83] yrs) and nine healthy adults (mean [SD] age, 63.11 [10.54] yrs) were included. The subjects with hemiparesis performed STS transfer in two randomly assigned conditions: (1) without a cane and (2) with a cane. The healthy subjects performed only STS transfer without a cane. A three-dimensional motion system, force plates, and eletromyography were used to examine STS transfer. The symmetry index between the two limbs was calculated. Results: The movement time of the subjects with hemiparesis in both conditions without a cane and with a cane was longer than that of the healthy subjects without a cane (P < 0.025). However, STS transfer with a cane in the subjects with hemiparesis resulted in shorter movement time, greater knee extensor moment of the paretic limb, and more symmetry of weight bearing than in those without a cane (P < 0.05). The sequence of muscle onset tended to improve with a cane in the subjects with hemiparesis. Conclusions: Cane use may promote more symmetrical STS transfers rather than compensation by the unaffected limb. ? 2013 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
|ISSN:||0894-9115||DOI:||10.1097/PHM.0b013e318282c8f0||SDG/Keyword:||article; body posture; cane; case control study; cerebrovascular accident; electromyography; female; human; joint; leg; male; middle aged; movement (physiology); paresis; pathophysiology; physiology; randomization; skeletal muscle; time; walking difficulty; weight bearing; Canes; Case-Control Studies; Electromyography; Female; Humans; Joints; Lower Extremity; Male; Middle Aged; Mobility Limitation; Movement; Muscle, Skeletal; Paresis; Posture; Random Allocation; Stroke; Time Factors; Weight-Bearing
|Appears in Collections:||物理治療學系所|
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