|Title:||Clinical spectrum of acute respiratory distress syndrome in a tertiary referral hospital: Etiology, severity, clinical course, and hospital outcome||Authors:||JIH-SHUIN JERNG
|Issue Date:||2000||Journal Volume:||99||Journal Issue:||7||Start page/Pages:||538-543||Source:||Journal of the Formosan Medical Association||Abstract:||
Background and purpose: The clinical picture of patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in Taiwan has seldom been reported, although new definitions of ARDS have been introduced over the past years. The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics, modalities of management, and outcomes in patients with ARDS treated in a tertiary referral hospital. Methods: Case records were selected through a computerized search of diagnosis codified at discharge during the period from January 1995 to June 1997. Patients who met the criteria of the American-European Consensus Conference definition of ARDS were included and their medical records were retrospectively reviewed. Results: A total of 145 patients (91 men, 54 women; mean age, 58 years) who fulfilled the criteria for ARDS were identified. Malignancy(n = 53) and diabetes mellitus (n = 23) were the most common co-morbid conditions. Pneumonia (n = 90), including community-acquired pneumonia in 45 (31%) patients, was the most common risk factor. The lung injury score at the time of ARDS diagnosis was 2.89 ± 0.40 (mean ± standard error, SE). The worst value of P(a)O2/F1O2 was 86.8 ± 3.8 mm Hg (mean ± SE). Among the 145 patients, 130 (90%) received mechanical ventilation and 118 (81%) were treated in the intensive care unit. In-hospital mortality was 87%. Seventy (48%) patients received intensive treatment for ARDS, among whom 52 (74%) died; the most common causes of death were multiple organ failure (54%) and respiratory failure (23%). Conclusions: The mortality in patients with ARDS was high in this tertiary referral institution. Our findings suggest that aggressive ventilatory, pharmacologic, and supportive therapy may be important to achieve a higher survival rate.
|ISSN:||0929-6646||SDG/Keyword:||adult; article; artificial ventilation; cancer; comorbidity; diabetes mellitus; disease course; disease severity; female; general hospital; human; lung injury; major clinical study; male; mortality; multiple organ failure; pneumonia; respiratory distress syndrome; risk factor; Taiwan; treatment outcome; Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Child; Child, Preschool; Female; Humans; Infant; Male; Methylprednisolone; Middle Aged; Respiration, Artificial; Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Adult
|Appears in Collections:||醫學系|
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