The Study of the Central Military Generals in Sui Dynasty
|關鍵字:||隋代;中央武官;禁衛大將軍;東宮十率;行軍統帥;關隴集團;社會流動;The Sui dynasty;the Central Military Generals;the general-in-chief of the Palace Guard;the ten Guards of the Eastern Palace;March Commander-in-chief;Guanlong Group;social mobility||公開日期:||2012||摘要:||本文以「隋代的中央武將」為題，討論對象包括禁衛大將軍、東宮十率，與行軍統帥。本文分析禁衛大將軍、東宮十率、行軍統帥的出身與地域分佈、仕途經歷與文武遷轉，理解隋代軍事體系中，社會階層的流動。隋代的中央武將，來自關隴集團、山東地區和江南將臣，顯示出隋代中央武將的統治集團不再被關隴集團所壟斷。隋代中央武將的胡漢界線漸趨模糊，為隋代任用中央武將的特出現象之一。
In this paper, the subject is "The Study of the Central Military Officials in Sui Dynasty", for discussion include the general-in-chief of the Palace Guard , the ten Guards of the Eastern Palace , and March Commander-in-chief. This paper seeks to understand social mobility in the military system during Sui Dynasty by analyzing the origins, geographical distribution, and the promotion channels of the central military generals. In the Sui Dynasty, a number of central military generals from Guanlong , Shandong and Southern Groups showed that the Guanlong Group no longer monopolized the positions of the central military generals . Furthermore, the Hu and Han lines of the central military generals were blurring, which was one distinctive phenomenon of the military appointments during the Sui Dynasty. In Sui Dynasty, the appointments of the central military generals showed a trend that "powerful families were weakened, and the civilians entered officialdom." Heredity did not direct impact on the of the central military generals. The selection of the central military generals was mainly through military merits, and channels such as Garrison Militia (fubing conscription )or Mercenary Recruit(volunteers). Powerful families no longer monopolized military positions by inheritance. The former appointments of the general-in-chief of the Palace Guard made during the period of Emperors Wen and Yang reflect the three phenomena: those who came from military bureaucracy were reduced, those who came from Garrison Militia (fubing conscription ) increased, and the number of princes declined. Two phenomena are reflected in the subsequent posts of the general-in-chief of the Palace Guard : there were less examples of transfers to local officials following the post of the general-in-chief of the Palace Guard, and its appointment increasingly became the last post. These phenomena indicate that the appointments of the civil and the military were gradually bifurcated. By exploring the origins, promotion channels and mobility of the central military generals , this paper analyzes social mobility as seen in the great military power of the central military generals during this period. I argue that the promotion of the civilians gradually broke the monopoly of the " Guanlong powerful families.” In terms of the military expedition system, the general-in-chief of the Palace Guard or march commander leader in war of the Sui Dynasty, the remaining major battles can be described as wins the war, the general-in-chief of the Palace Guard, or march commander to play an important leadership role. Although the ten Guards of the Eastern Palace was not involved in major battles, more than 70% of the ten Guards of the Eastern Palace transfer for the general-in-chief of the Palace Guard during the period of Emperor Yang , the ten Guards of the Eastern Palace of reserve cadres function also can be said to play its role. Moreover, the military regime of the Sui Dynasty is the order of the Han Dynasty and the significance of the Tang Dynasty . During the Sui Dynasty, the Capital Garrison System, the Eastern Palace System, and the march system is developing and changing of the military system. The military system of the Tang Dynasty will continue to inherit the Capital Garrison System, the Eastern Palace System, and the march system of the Sui Dynasty. The military system in Sui Dynasty should have its own value and significance.
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