|Title:||Epiphytic bryophyte biomass estimation on tree trunks and upscaling in tropical montane cloud forests||Authors:||Lai, G.-Y.
|Issue Date:||2020||Journal Volume:||2020||Journal Issue:||6||Start page/Pages:||-||Source:||PeerJ||Abstract:||
Epiphytic bryophytes (EB) are some of the most commonly found plant species in tropical montane cloud forests, and they play a disproportionate role in influencing the terrestrial hydrological and nutrient cycles. However, it is difficult to estimate the abundance of EB due to the nature of their “epiphytic” habitat. This study proposes an allometric scaling approach implemented in twenty-one 30 × 30 m plots across an elevation range in 16,773 ha tropical montane cloud forests of northeastern Taiwan to measure EB biomass, a primary metric for indicating plant abundance and productivity. A general allometry was developed to estimate EB biomass of 100 cm2 circular-shaped mats (n = 131) with their central depths. We developed a new point-intercept instrument to rapidly measure the depths of EB along tree trunks below 300 cm from the ground level (sampled stem surface area (SSA)) (n = 210). Biomass of EB of each point measure was derived using the general allometry and was aggregated across each SSA, and its performance was evaluated. Total EB biomass of a tree was estimated by referring to an in-situ conversion model and was interpolated for all trees in the plots (n = 1451). Finally, we assessed EB biomass density at the plot scale of the study region. The general EB biomass-depth allometry showed that the depth of an EB mat was a salient variable for biomass estimation (R2 = 0.72, p < 0.001). The performance of upscaling from mats to SSA was satisfactory, which allowed us to further estimate mean (±standard deviation) EB biomass of the 21 plots (272 ± 104 kg ha−1). Since a significant relationship between tree size and EB abundance is commonly found, regional EB biomass may be mapped by integrating our method and three-dimensional remotely sensed airborne data. Copyright 2020 Lai et al.
|DOI:||10.7717/peerj.9351||SDG/Keyword:||allometry; article; biomass; breast; cloud forest; conifer; liverwort; major clinical study; moss; nonhuman; productivity; Taiwan; tree trunk
|Appears in Collections:||地理環境資源學系|
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