|Title:||Molecular and clinical analyses of 84 patients with tuberous sclerosis complex||Authors:||Hung C.-C.
|Issue Date:||2006||Journal Volume:||7||Start page/Pages:||72||Source:||BMC Medical Genetics||Abstract:||
Background: Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is an autosomal dominant disease characterized by the development of multiple hamartomas in many internal organs. Mutations in either one of 2 genes, TSC1 and TSC2, have been attributed to the development of TSC. More than two-thirds of TSC patients are sporadic cases, and a wide variety of mutations in the coding region of the TSC1 and TSC2 genes have been reported. Methods: Mutational analysis of TSC1 and TSC2 genes was performed in 84 Taiwanese TSC families using denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC) and direct sequencing. Results: Mutations were identified in a total of 64 (76%) cases, including 9 TSC1 mutations (7 sporadic and 2 familial cases) and 55 TSC2 mutations (47 sporadic and 8 familial cases). Thirty-one of the 64 mutations found have not been described previously. The phenotype association is consistent with findings from other large studies, showing that disease resulting from mutations to TSC1 is less severe than disease due to TSC2 mutation. Conclusion: This study provides a representative picture of the distribution of mutations of the TSC1 and TSC2 genes in clinically ascertained TSC cases in the Taiwanese population. Although nearly half of the mutations identified were novel, the kinds and distribution of mutation were not different in this population compared to that seen in larger European and American studies. ? 2006 Hung et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
|ISSN:||1471-2350||DOI:||10.1186/1471-2350-7-72||SDG/Keyword:||gene product; protein TSC1; tuberin; unclassified drug; article; child; codon; controlled study; denaturing high performance liquid chromatography; DNA polymorphism; exon; family; female; gene frequency; gene mutation; gene sequence; genotype phenotype correlation; human; major clinical study; male; molecular mechanics; mutational analysis; Taiwan; tuberous sclerosis; Adult; Child; Child, Preschool; DNA Mutational Analysis; Female; Genotype; Humans; Infant; Male; Mutation; Phenotype; Polymorphism, Genetic; Taiwan; Tuberous Sclerosis; Tumor Suppressor Proteins
|Appears in Collections:||醫學系|
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