|Title:||Loss of the seipin gene perturbs eggshell formation in Caenorhabditiselegans||Authors:||Bai, Xiaofei
Olson, Sara K
|Keywords:||Eggshell; Fatty acid; Lipid droplet; PUFAs; Permeability barrier; Seipin||Issue Date:||2020||Publisher:||COMPANY BIOLOGISTS LTD||Journal Volume:||147||Journal Issue:||20||Source:||Development (Cambridge, England)||Abstract:||
Seipin, an evolutionary conserved protein, plays pivotal roles during lipid droplet (LD) biogenesis and is associated with various human diseases with unclear mechanisms. Here, we analyzed Caenorhabditis elegans mutants deleted of the sole SEIPIN gene, seip-1 Homozygous seip-1 mutants displayed penetrant embryonic lethality, which is caused by the disruption of the lipid-rich permeability barrier, the innermost layer of the C. elegans embryonic eggshell. In C. elegans oocytes and embryos, SEIP-1 is associated with LDs and is crucial for controlling LD size and lipid homeostasis. The seip-1 deletion mutants reduced the ratio of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in their embryonic fatty acid pool. Interestingly, dietary supplementation of selected n-6 PUFAs rescued the embryonic lethality and defective permeability barrier. Accordingly, we propose that SEIP-1 may maternally regulate LD biogenesis and lipid homeostasis to orchestrate the formation of the permeability barrier for eggshell synthesis during embryogenesis. A lipodystrophy allele of seip-1 resulted in embryonic lethality as well and could be rescued by PUFA supplementation. These experiments support a great potential for using C. elegans to model SEIPIN-associated human diseases.
|Appears in Collections:||醫學檢驗暨生物技術學系|
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