|Analysis and experimental evaluation of mechanical errors in nine-link type double-toggle mold/die clamping mechanisms
|Applied Sciences (Switzerland)
Nine-link type double-toggle mold/die clamping mechanisms are widely used in modern injection molding machines and die casting machines in order to provide sufficient mold/die clamping force for counteracting the pressure occurred inside molds/dies. In this paper, the analysis and experimental evaluation of mechanical errors in nine-link type double-toggle mold/die clamping mechanisms are presented. The kinematic error equations of the output link (i.e., the moving platen) caused by dimensional errors (or tolerances) of link members are derived analytically through the concept of tolerance sensitivity analysis. Evaluation indices based on the asymmetry of the mold/die clamping mechanism caused by mechanical errors are established. A case study is then given to demonstrate the derived analytical equations and the established evaluation indices. Subsequently, a prototype for performing the experimental evaluation is conceptually designed and was actually constructed. Experiments were conducted for evaluating the quantitative influence of mechanical errors on the operating performance of the constructed mold/die clamping mechanism. According to the experimental results, response surface modelling for benefiting the constructed mold/die clamping mechanism with better operating performance could be performed. The presented research results will be helpful in the tolerance analysis and mechanical error detection of nine-link type double-toggle mold/die clamping mechanisms. ? 2021 by the authors.
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