|Title:||Low cholesterol level associated with severity and outcome of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage: Results from Taiwan Stroke Registry||Authors:||Chen Y.-W.
|Issue Date:||2017||Journal Volume:||12||Journal Issue:||4||Start page/Pages:||e0171379||Source:||PLoS ONE||Abstract:||
The relationship between cholesterol level and hemorrhagic stroke is inconclusive. We hypothesized that low cholesterol levels may have association with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) severity at admission and 3-month outcomes. This study used data obtained from a multi-center stroke registry program in Taiwan. We categorized acute spontaneous ICH patients, based on their baseline levels of total cholesterol (TC) measured at admission, into 3 groups with <160, 160±200 and >200 mg/dL of TC. We evaluated risk of having initial stroke severity, with National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) >15 and unfavorable outcomes (modified Rankin Scale [mRS] score >2, 3-month mortality) after ICH by the TC group. A total of 2444 ICH patients (mean age 62.5±14.2 years; 64.2% men) were included in this study and 854 (34.9%) of them had baseline TC <160 mg/dL. Patients with TC <160 mg/dL presented more often severe neurological deficit (NIHSS >15), with an adjusted odds ratio [aOR] of 1.80; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.41±2.30), and 3-month mRS >2 (aOR, 1.41; 95% CI, 1.11±1.78) using patients with TC >200 mg/dL as reference. Those with TC >160 mg/dL and body mass index (BMI) <22 kg/m2 had higher risk of 3-month mortality (aOR 3.94, 95% CI 1.76±8.80). Prior use of lipid-lowering drugs (2.8% of the ICH population) was not associated with initial severity and 3-month outcomes. A total cholesterol level lower than 160 mg/dL was common in patients with acute ICH and was associated with greater neurological severity on presentation and poor 3-month outcomes, especially with lower BMI. ? 2017 Chen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
|ISSN:||19326203||DOI:||10.1371/journal.pone.0171379||SDG/Keyword:||cholesterol; anticoagulant agent; antihypertensive agent; cholesterol; hypocholesterolemic agent; adult; aged; Article; body mass; brain hemorrhage; controlled study; disease registry; disease severity; female; high risk patient; hospital admission; human; major clinical study; male; mortality; National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale; Rankin scale; Taiwan; blood; brain hemorrhage; cerebrovascular accident; hypercholesterolemia; middle aged; prospective study; register; risk; severity of illness index; survival analysis; treatment outcome; Aged; Anticholesteremic Agents; Anticoagulants; Antihypertensive Agents; Body Mass Index; Cerebral Hemorrhage; Cholesterol; Female; Humans; Hypercholesterolemia; Male; Middle Aged; Prospective Studies; Registries; Risk; Severity of Illness Index; Stroke; Survival Analysis; Taiwan; Treatment Outcome
|Appears in Collections:||醫學院附設醫院 (臺大醫院)|
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