|Title:||Non-invasive screening for colorectal cancer in Asia||Authors:||Chiu, Han-Mo
|Keywords:||Asia; Colorectal cancer (CRC); Fecal immunochemical test (FIT); Guaiac fecal occult blood test (gFOBT); Screening;Asia; Colorectal cancer (CRC); Fecal immunochemical test (FIT); Guaiac fecal occult blood test (gFOBT); Screening||Issue Date:||Dec-2015||Publisher:||ELSEVIER SCI LTD||Journal Volume:||29||Journal Issue:||6||Start page/Pages:||953||Source:||Best practice & research. Clinical gastroenterology||Abstract:||
There is an increasing trend of colorectal cancer incidence in Asia and nearly 45% of CRC cases worldwide occur in Asia therefore screening for CRC becomes an urgent task. Stool-based tests, including guaiac fecal occult blood test (gFOBT) and fecal immunochemical test (FIT), can select subjects at risk of significant colorectal neoplasms from the large target population thus are currently the most commonly used non-invasive screening tool in large population screening programs. FIT has the advantage over gFOBT in terms of higher sensitivity for early neoplasms, the ability to provide high-throughput automatic analysis, and better public acceptance thus greater effectiveness on reducing CRC mortality and incidence is expected. Owing to the large target population and constrained endoscopic capacity and manpower, FIT is nowadays the most popular CRC screening test in Asia. Some Asian countries have launched nationwide screening program in the past one or two decades but also encountered some challenges such as low screening participation rate, low verification rate after positive stool tests, low public awareness, and insufficient manpower. In addition, some controversial or potential future research issues are also addressed in this review.
|URI:||https://scholars.lib.ntu.edu.tw/handle/123456789/592395||ISSN:||15216918||DOI:||10.1016/j.bpg.2015.09.015||metadata.dc.subject.other:||Asia; Australia; cancer incidence; cancer risk; cancer screening; colonoscopy; colorectal cancer; diagnostic accuracy; diagnostic test; diagnostic test accuracy study; fecal immunochemical test; feces analysis; guaiac fecal occult blood test; high risk population; human; Japan; Korea; mass screening; non invasive procedure; Review; risk assessment; screening test; sensitivity and specificity; Singapore; Taiwan; Asia; Colorectal Neoplasms; feces; incidence; occult blood; procedures; dyes, reagents, indicators, markers and buffers; guaiac; Asia; Colorectal Neoplasms; Feces; Guaiac; Humans; Incidence; Indicators and Reagents; Mass Screening; Occult Blood
|Appears in Collections:||醫學系|
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