|Title:||Kinetics of hepatitis B surface antigen in pregnant women with and without tenofovir disoproxil fumarate||Authors:||Chang, Huai-Lung
|Keywords:||antiviral agents; hepatitis B virus; infectious disease transmission; maternal-foetal relations; pregnancy||Issue Date:||2022||Publisher:||WILEY||Journal Volume:||29||Journal Issue:||2||Start page/Pages:||107||Source:||Journal of Viral Hepatitis||Abstract:||
Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) is the preferred treatment to prevent mother-to-infant transmission in highly viremic HBV-infected women. Data on hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) levels in pregnant women are lacking. We aimed to investigate prepartum and postpartum HBsAg kinetics and its correlation with HBV DNA in pregnant women. HBV-infected mothers with HBV DNA ≥7.5 log10 IU/ml were tested for HBsAg and HBV DNA from baseline to 6 months postpartum. Of the 186 pregnant women with comparable baseline HBsAg and HBV DNA, 101 received TDF from the third trimester until 1 month postpartum. At delivery, TDF group had mildly lower HBsAg (4.32 ± 0.47 vs. 4.54 ± 0.35 log10 IU/ml, p = .0004) and markedly lower HBV DNA (4.26 ± 0.97 vs. 8.11 ± 0.70 log10 IU/ml, p < .0001) than the control group. In the TDF group, mean reduction of HBsAg and HBV DNA from baseline to delivery were 0.22 ± 0.38 and 3.96 ± 0.93 log10 IU/ml. HBsAg reduction had a positive correlation (r = .309; p = .0017) with HBV DNA reduction, and was predictive of HBV DNA reduction ≥3 log10 IU/ml (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, 0.67; 95% confidence interval, 0.50-0.82). At 6 months postpartum, TDF and control group had comparable HBsAg and HBV DNA. In conclusion, HBsAg decreased slightly at delivery in pregnant women receiving TDF. For monitoring the effect of antiviral therapy during pregnancy, HBV DNA is a better marker than HBsAg. Our data provided valuable information regarding monitoring HBV-infected pregnant women using antiviral therapy.
antivirus agent; hepatitis B surface antigen; tenofovir; virus DNA; chronic hepatitis B; female; genetics; hepatitis B; Hepatitis B virus; human; infant; kinetics; pregnancy; pregnancy complication; pregnant woman; prevention and control; vertical transmi
|Appears in Collections:||醫學教育暨生醫倫理學科所|
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