|Title:||Folate Deficiency Increased Lipid Accumulation and Leptin Production of Adipocytes||Authors:||Chan, Chun-Wai
|Keywords:||adipocytes;folate;high-fat diet (HFD);high-fructose diet;leptin;lipogenesis||Issue Date:||Apr-2022||Publisher:||Frontiers Media S.A.||Journal Volume:||9||Journal Issue:||Article number 852451||Source:||Frontiers in Nutrition||Abstract:||
Imbalanced dietary habits are closely associated with poor micronutrients status and the development of obesity. Previous studies have shown that serum folate level is decreased in obese individuals. However, whether folate deficiency could result in adiposity is still unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of dietary folate on lipid accumulation and leptin production using both in vivo and in vitro studies. Male C57BL/6 mice were fed with a diet with (f1) or without (f0) folate in a high-fat (HF) diet containing high-sucrose (HFS-f1, HFS-f0) for 4.5–5 months in Experiment 1, or an HF diet (HF-f1, HF-f0) for 12 months in Experiment 2, or an HF diet containing high-fructose (HFF-f1, HFF-f0) for 12 months in Experiment 3, compared with the normal-fat (NF-f1, NF-f0) diet, respectively. The serum levels of folate and leptin, white adipose tissue (WAT), size of adipocytes, hepatic contents of triglyceride (TG), and cholesterol were measured. In vitro study, TG contents, proinflammatory cytokines, leptin, and expressions of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α and lipogenesis-related genes of 3T3-L1 adipocytes cultured with (f1) or without (f0) folate were assayed. The results showed that folate deficiency together with a high-fat diet (HFS-f0, HF-f0, HFF-f0) had higher WAT mass, adipocyte size, serum leptin level, and hepatic TG compared to those of the folate-sufficient groups (HFS-f1, HF-f1, and HFF-f1). Folate deficiency with a high-fat high -sucrose or -fructose diet (HFS-f0, HFF-f0) significantly increased the body weight of the mice. Increased intracellular TG, leptin, monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP)-1 and interleukin (IL)-6 levels, and the expression of Hif1α and lipogenesis-related genes Cebpα, Cebpβ, Acc1, Fasn, and Fabp4 were also detected in folate-deficient 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Our results suggested that folate deficiency increased lipid accumulation and leptin production of adipocytes, and thus, inadequate folate status might be one of the risk factors for adiposity. Copyright
|Appears in Collections:||生化科技學系|
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