|Title:||Exacerbation of oxidative stress-induced cell death and differentiation in induced pluripotent stem cells lacking heme oxygenase-1||Authors:||ANGELA YU-CHEN LIN
Peng, David H
Yen, Betty Linju
Wu, Kenneth K
|Keywords:||SELF-RENEWAL; NITRIC-OXIDE; IN-VITRO; INJURY; INDUCTION; MICE; FIBROBLASTS; APOPTOSIS; ABSENCE; SYSTEM||Issue Date:||1-Jul-2012||Publisher:||MARY ANN LIEBERT, INC||Journal Volume:||21||Journal Issue:||10||Start page/Pages:||1675||Source:||Stem cells and development||Abstract:||
Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) are promising donor sources in cell therapies for various diseases. Although low levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) are necessary for the maintenance of stem cells, increased ROS levels initiate differentiation and cell damage. We and others have previously demonstrated that heme oxygenase (HO)-1, a stress response protein with antioxidative and anti-inflammatory properties, plays critical protective functions in cardiovascular and other diseases. However, the functions of HO-1 in ESCs remain to be elucidated. Our goal was to investigate the roles of HO-1 in ESC survival and differentiation. Due to the lack of HO-1-deficient ESCs, we used Oct3/4, Sox2, c-Myc, and Klf4 retroviruses to reprogram mouse embryonic fibroblasts into induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells of different HO-1 genotypes. These iPS-HO-1 cells exhibited characteristics of mouse ESCs (mESCs) and formed teratomas that were composed of cell types of all 3 germ layers after injected into severe combined immunodeficiency mice. In response to oxidant stress, iPS-HO-1(-/-) cells accumulated higher levels of intracellular ROS compared with D3 mESCs or iPS-HO-1(+/+) cells and were more prone to oxidant-induced cell death. Spontaneous differentiation experiments revealed that Oct4 levels were significantly lower in iPS-HO-1(-/-) cells after leukemia inhibitory factor withdrawal and removal of feeders. Further, during the course of spontaneous differentiation, iPS-HO-1(-/-) cells had enhanced Erk1/2 phosphorylation, which has been linked to ESC differentiation. By the loss-of-function approach using iPS-HO-1(-/-) cells, our results demonstrate that a lack of HO-1 renders iPS cells more prone to oxidative stress-induced cell death and differentiation.
|Appears in Collections:||醫學系|
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