|Title:||Cerebrospinal fluid soluble programmed death-ligand 1 is a useful prognostic biomarker in primary central nervous system lymphoma||Authors:||Chieh-Lung Cheng
|Keywords:||biomarker; cerebrospinal fluid; primary central nervous system lymphoma; soluble PD-L1; soluble PD-L2||Issue Date:||8-Dec-2022||Publisher:||WILEY||Source:||British journal of haematology||Abstract:||
The increased expression of programmed death-ligands 1 and 2 (PD-L1 and PD-L2, respectively) on tumour cells contributes to immune evasion, suggesting that these proteins are attractive therapeutic targets. This study aimed to evaluate the validity of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) soluble PD-L1 (sPD-L1) and soluble PD-L2 (sPD-L2) as biomarkers for primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL). We determined the CSF concentrations of sPD-L1 and sPD-L2 in 46 patients with PCNSL using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs). A control group comprised 153 patients with other brain tumours, inflammatory/infectious status, or neurodegenerative diseases. Only CSF sPD-L1 levels were significantly higher in patients with PCNSL relative to the controls. CSF sPD-L1 also exhibited superior overall discrimination performance compared to CSF sPD-L2 in diagnosing PCNSL. Compared with patients with PCNSL with low CSF sPD-L1 levels, more patients with high levels had high serum lactate dehydrogenase levels, leptomeningeal involvement, and deep-brain involvement. Furthermore, CSF sPD-L1 could predict poor survival in PCNSL but CSF sPD-L2 could not. Intriguingly, CSF sPD-L1 levels were correlated with disease status and their dynamic changes post treatment could predict time to relapse. In conclusion, this study identified CSF sPD-L1 as a promising prognostic biomarker, indicating a therapeutic potential of PD-L1 blockade in PCNSL.
|Appears in Collections:||病理學科所|
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.