|Clinico-genetic and prognostic analyses of 716 patients with primary myelodysplastic syndrome and myelodysplastic syndrome/acute myeloid leukemia based on the 2022 International Consensus Classification
|Online ahead of print
|American journal of hematology
The 2022 International Consensus Classification (ICC) recategorized myeloid neoplasms based on recent advances in the understanding of the biology of hematologic malignancies, in which myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) with blasts of 10%-19% is classified as MDS/acute myeloid leukemia (AML), MDS with mutated SF3B1, irrespective of the number of ring sideroblasts, as MDS-SF3B1, and those with multi-hit TP53 mutations as MDS with mutated TP53. In the analysis of 716 patients with MDS diagnosed according to the 2016 WHO classification, we found that 75.3% of patients remained in the MDS group based on the ICC, while 24.7% of patients were reclassified to the MDS/AML group after the exclusion of 15 patients who were classified to the AML group. Patients with MDS/AML showed a distinct mutational landscape and had poorer outcomes, compared to those with MDS. In the MDS group, patients with MDS-SF3B1 had higher frequencies of DNMT3A and TET2 mutations than those with MDS, not otherwise specified, with single lineage dysplasia or multilineage dysplasia. Patients with mutated TP53 were associated with dismal outcomes, irrespective of the blast percentage. In conclusion, this study showed that the ICC facilitates efficient segregation and risk-stratification of MDS which can help guide the treatment choice of patients with the disease.
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