|Title:||Studies of a rice sterile mutant sstl from the TRIM collection||Authors:||Chang, Chia Ling
Serapion, Jerry C.
Hung, Han Hui
Lin, Yan Cheng
Tsai, Yuan Ching
Jane, Wann Neng
Lai, Ming Hsin
Hsing, Yue ie C.
|Keywords:||Anther development | Microspores | Semi-sterile | Sterility | Transcriptomic analysis||Issue Date:||1-Dec-2019||Publisher:||SPRINGER||Journal Volume:||60||Journal Issue:||1||Source:||Botanical Studies||Abstract:||
Background: Rice (Oryza sativa) is one of the main crops in the world, and more than 3.9 billion people will consume rice by 2025. Sterility significantly affects rice production and leads to yield defects. The undeveloped anthers or abnormal pollen represent serious defects in rice male sterility. Therefore, understanding the mechanism of male sterility is an important task. Here, we investigated a rice sterile mutant according to its developmental morphology and transcriptional profiles. Results: An untagged T-DNA insertional mutant showed defective pollen and abnormal anthers as compared with its semi-sterile mutant (sstl) progeny segregates. Transcriptomic analysis of sterile sstl-s revealed several biosynthesis pathways, such as downregulated cell wall, lipids, secondary metabolism, and starch synthesis. This downregulation is consistent with the morphological characterization of sstl-s anthers with irregular exine, absence of intine, no starch accumulation in pollen grains and no accumulated flavonoids in anthers. Moreover, defective microsporangia development led to abnormal anther locule and aborted microspores. The downregulated lipids, starch, and cell wall synthesis-related genes resulted in loss of fertility. Conclusions: We illustrate the importance of microsporangia in the development of anthers and functional microspores. Abnormal development of pollen grains, pollen wall, anther locule, etc. result in severe yield reduction.
|Appears in Collections:||農藝學系|
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