|Title:||Therapeutic Effect of Calcimimetics on Osteoclast-Osteoblast Crosslink in Chronic Kidney Disease and Mineral Bone Disease||Authors:||Hung, Kuo-Chin
|Keywords:||bone mineral density; chronic kidney disease-mineral bone disease; cinacalcet; osteoclast–osteoblast interaction; procollagen type 1 amino-terminal propeptide; sclerostin; tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase isoform 5b; wnt||Issue Date:||18-Nov-2020||Journal Volume:||21||Journal Issue:||22||Source:||International journal of molecular sciences||Abstract:||
We have previously demonstrated calcimimetics optimize the balance between osteoclastic bone resorption and osteoblastic mineralization through upregulating Wingless and int-1 (Wnt) signaling pathways in the mouse and cell model. Nonetheless, definitive human data are unavailable concerning therapeutic effects of Cinacalcet on chronic kidney disease and mineral bone disease (CKD-MBD) and osteoclast-osteoblast interaction. We aim to investigate whether Cinacalcet therapy improves bone mineral density (BMD) through optimizing osteocytic homeostasis in a human model. Hemodialysis patients with persistently high intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) levels > 300 pg/mL for more than 3 months were included and received fixed dose Cinacalcet (25 mg/day, orally) for 6 months. Bone markers presenting osteoclast-osteoblast communication were evaluated at baseline, the 3rd and the 6th month. Eighty percent of study patients were responding to Cinacalcet treatment, capable of improving BMD, T score and Z score (16.4%, 20.7% and 11.1%, respectively). A significant correlation between BMD improvement and iPTH changes was noted (r = -0.26, p < 0.01). Nonetheless, baseline lower iPTH level was associated with better responsiveness to Cinacalcet therapy. Sclerostin, an inhibitor of canonical Wnt/β-catenin signaling, was decreased from 127.3 ± 102.3 pg/mL to 57.9 ± 33.6 pg/mL. Furthermore, Wnt-10b/Wnt 16 expressions were increased from 12.4 ± 24.2/166.6 ± 73.3 pg/mL to 33.8 ± 2.1/217.3 ± 62.6 pg/mL. Notably, procollagen type I amino-terminal propeptide (PINP), a marker of bone formation and osteoblastic activity, was increased from baseline 0.9 ± 0.4 pg/mL to 91.4 ± 42.3 pg/mL. In contrast, tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase isoform 5b (TRACP-5b), a marker of osteoclast activity, was decreased from baseline 16.5 ± 0.4 mIU/mL to 7.7 ± 2.2 mIU/mL. Moreover, C-reactive protein levels were suppressed from 2.5 ± 0.6 to 0.8 ± 0.5 mg/L, suggesting the systemic inflammatory burden may be benefited after optimizing the parathyroid-bone axis. In conclusion, beyond iPTH suppression, our human model suggests Cinacalcet intensifies BMD through inhibiting sclerostin expression and upregulating Wnt-10b/Wnt 16 signaling that activates osteoblastic bone formation and inhibits osteoclastic bone resorption and inflammation. From the perspective of translation to humans, this research trial brings a meaningful insight into the osteoblast-osteoclast homeostasis in Cinacalcet therapy for CKD-MBD.
|Appears in Collections:||醫學系|
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