|Title:||Highly stretchable hydroxyapatite bionanocomposite for high-performance triboelectric nanogenerators||Authors:||Luu, Thien Trung
Huynh, Nghia Dinh
|Issue Date:||18-Aug-2023||Journal Volume:||15||Journal Issue:||34||Source:||Nanoscale||Abstract:||
Renewable energy has been a focus in recent years. Triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs) have potential for converting mechanical energy into electricity. However, there are restrictions on the use of biological materials and bionanocomposites, such as the high cost and complexity of the synthesis process, poor stability, and inadequate output performance. To overcome the constraints of TENGs, we have turned to hydroxyapatite, a biological substance with great biocompatibility and high mechanical strength that can be manufactured from waste materials. We successfully developed a negative triboelectric bionanocomposite hydroxyapatite (HA) loaded polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) to harness energy from biomechanical sources such as wearable devices. A TENG (2 × 2 cm2) with a pushing force of 2 N and different amounts of HA in PDMS can produce highly stable output voltage, current, surface charge density, and power density values of 300 V, 22.4 μA, 90.36 μC m−2, and 27.34 W m−2, which are 6, 9, and 10 times higher than those without HA, respectively. These improvements were attributed to the highest observed surface potential of 1512 mV. After 20 000 cycles of contact-separation, the HA/PDMS-TENG shows exceptionally stable performance. Furthermore, adding HA improves the mechanical properties and the stretchability of the bionanocomposite. The HA/PDMS bionanocomposite exhibits remarkable stretchability of more than 290%. Effectively harvesting energy from body movements, the TENG gadget may be used to charge multiple commercial capacitors, drive up to 100 LEDs, and power a low-power electronic device. Self-powered sensing and wearable devices are made possible by the HA/PDMS-TENG, which allows their large-scale preparation and deployment.
|Appears in Collections:||醫學工程學研究所|
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