|Title:||Rail Corrugation Index Development by Sound-Field Excitation on the Carriage Floor of In-Service Train||Authors:||Hsu, Wei Lun
|Keywords:||onboard sensing deployment | rail corrugation | short-time Fourier transform | time-frequency analysis | vibration measurement||Issue Date:||1-Sep-2023||Journal Volume:||23||Journal Issue:||17||Source:||Sensors||Abstract:||
The steel rail and wheel in the railway system offer a high precision and smooth-running surface. Nevertheless, the point of contact between the rail and wheel presents a critical area that can give rise to rail corrugation. This phenomenon can potentially elevate sound and vibration levels in the vicinity considerably, necessitating advanced monitoring and assessment measures. Recently, many efforts have been directed towards utilizing in-service trains for evaluating rail corrugation, and the evaluation has primarily relied on axle-box acceleration (ABA). However, the ABA measurements require a higher threshold for vibration detection. This study introduces a novel approach to rail corrugation detection by carriage floor acceleration (CFA), aimed at lowering the detection threshold. The method capitalizes on the acceleration data sensed on the carriage floor, which is induced by the sound pressure (e.g., sound-field excitation) generated at the wheel–rail contact point. An exploration of the correlation between these datasets is undertaken by simultaneously measuring both ABA and CFA. Moreover, a pivotal aspect of this research is the development of the eigenfrequency rail corrugation index (E-RCI), a mechanism that culminates energy around specific eigenfrequencies by CFA. Through this index, a focused analysis of rail corrugation patterns is facilitated. The study further delves into the stability, repeatability, and sensitivity of the E-RCI via varied measurement scenarios. Ultimately, the CFA-based rail corrugation identification is verified, establishing its practical applicability and offering a distinct approach to detecting and characterizing rail corrugation phenomena. This study has introduced an innovative methodology for rail corrugation detection using CFA, with the principal objective of lowering the detection threshold. This approach offers an efficient measurement technique for identifying rail corrugation areas, thereby potentially reducing maintenance costs and enhancing efficiency within the railway industry.
|Appears in Collections:||土木工程學系|
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