|Long-Term Aging Study on the Solid State Interfacial Reactions of In on Cu Substrate
|Hung, Han Tang
Chang, Fu Ling
Tsai, Chin Hao
Liao, Chia Yi
C. ROBERT KAO
|CuIn 2 | In | interfacial reaction | intermetallic compounds | low melting-point solder
Indium is considered a candidate low-temperature solder because of its low melting temperature and excellent mechanical properties. However, the solid-state microstructure evolution of In with different substrates has rarely been studied due to the softness of In. To overcome this difficulty, cryogenic broad Ar+ beam ion polishing was used to produce an artifact-free Cu/In interface for observation. In this study, we accomplished phase identification and microstructure investigation at the Cu/In interface after long-term thermal aging. CuIn2 was observed to grow at the Cu/In interface and proved to be a stable phase in the Cu–In binary system. The peritectoid temperature of the Cu11In9 + In → CuIn2 reaction was confirmed to be between 100 and 120 °C. In addition, the growth rate of CuIn2 was discovered to be dominated by the curvature of the reactant Cu11In9/In phase and the temperature difference with the peritectoid temperature. Finally, a comprehensive microstructural evolution mechanism of the Cu/In solid-state interfacial reaction was proposed.
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