|Title:||Environmental quality mediates the ecological dominance of cooperatively breeding birds||Authors:||Lin, Yu Heng
Chen, Ying Yu
Rubenstein, Dustin R.
|Keywords:||cooperation | cooperative breeding | ecological consequences | range size | sociality | species distribution||Issue Date:||1-Jan-2023||Publisher:||WILEY||Source:||Ecology Letters||Abstract:||
Although social species as diverse as humans and ants are among the most abundant organisms on Earth, animals cooperate and form groups for many reasons. How these different reasons for grouping affect a species' ecological dominance remains unknown. Here we use a theoretical model to demonstrate that the different fitness benefits that animals receive by forming groups depend on the quality of their environment, which in turn impacts their ecological dominance and resilience to global change. We then test the model's key predictions using phylogenetic comparative analysis of >6500 bird species. As predicted, we find that cooperative breeders occurring in harsh and fluctuating environments have larger ranges and greater abundances than non-cooperative breeders, but cooperative breeders occurring in benign and stable environments do not. Using our model, we further show that social species living in harsh and fluctuating environments will be less vulnerable to climate change than non-social species.
|Appears in Collections:||氣候變遷與永續發展國際學位學程(含碩士班、博士班)|
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